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Lessons for State Standards

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Here are several lessons for upper elementary students based on the K-8 Massachusetts State Standards.  
Submitted by Elizabeth McDonald from Somerset, Massachusetts.  3-4 



Editor’s Note: For the past 6 years, we have been conducting Physical Education State Standards workshops across the United States. These workshops help to “translate” the State Standards into an easy-to-understand format for teachers so that there is a specific set of learning objectives at each grade level.

Background: Here are several lessons for upper elementary students based on the K-8 learning objectives handout that was shared at the 2006 Massachusetts State Standards workshop in Springfield.

Three on Three Soccer (Third Grade)

Equipment: Soccer balls, cones, pinnies/vests

Set-Up: Organize the class so that students are in small groups of six. The children will play a small-sided game of “3 on 3.” You’ll need four cones, one soccer ball, and three pinnies per game. The students mark off the goals using the cones. One team is given the pinnies to wear.


Description of Activity: The class is divided so that there are numerous small-sided games set up across field. One person is the goalie. The ball must pass below the goalies’ shoulders and between cones to score. There are no out-of-bounds, but groups are encouraged to keep the ball within own playing area to minimize ball-chasing and interfering with other games in progress. Each group decides when to rotate positions. Alternate which team begins with the ball after each goal.

Teacher Tips: Players are reminded to keep good control of the ball and to pass to their wing in order to move the ball closer to the goal.


3.4 -Understands that games have rules and boundaries and puts that knowledge into practice.

3.5 -Performs the skills of kicking, passing and trapping.


10 Hoops (Third Grade)


- Hoops, basketballs, yarnballs, beanbags, frisbee, nerf football, rubber chicken, soccer ball, racquets, balloon, foam hockey sticks

Class Organization: The hoops are spread out in a line down the center of the gymnasium or outdoors on an open field. Partners stand on each side of the hoop as shown in the diagram bellow.


Starting the Activity: In this activity, the partners rotate through the ten different stations at teacher signal and share the equipment found in each hoop. If there are more than 20 students, add additional hoops and equipment as needed.

Hoop # I: Dribble, pass and trap a soccer ball (step aside in the open area so the hoop will not interfere).

Hoop #2: Throw and catch the beanbag.

Hoop #3: Throw and catch the yarnball.

Hoop #4: Each partner will dribble the basketball around the hoop and pass it to his partner (chest pass if outdoors).

Hoop #5: Throw and catch the Frisbee.

Hoop #6: Volley the balloon with your partner using the short racquets or provide two balloons for each student to practice striking his own balloon.

Hoop #7: Discover different ways to throw/catch a rubber chicken!

Hoop #8: Throw and catch a nerf football.

Hoop #9: Each student has their own beanbag and stands on opposite sides of the hoola hoop, which serves as the target. Students toss the beanbag into the hoop. After each successful toss, the student will take a giant step back from where their last successful throw was made.

Hoop #10: Partners practice stick handling and passing a yarnball using the hockey sticks.

Teacher Tips: Before the lesson begins, review the basic principles of throwing, catching, kicking, striking and general safety precautions. We usually have the children remain at each station for about 2 minutes then signal them to rotate to another hoop. This is a great opportunity to have the children share equipment if you do not have enough for an entire class.


3.2-Demonstrates catching and throwing patterns with balls and other appropriate objects.

3.4 -Refines the skills of striking and dribbling.

3.5 -Performs the skills of kicking, passing and trapping.

3.7 -Applies throwing, catching and striking skills in small-sided lead up games.

3.13 -Follows proper safety methods and recognizes potential risks associated with physical activity.


Fitness Stations (Fourth Grade)


- 8 cones with fitness station signs (#1- crab kicks, #2- running in place, #3- push-ups, #4- sit-ups, #5- sit and reach, #6- skinfold, #7- toe touches, #8- jumping jacks.
- Music

Class Organization: The cones/signs are spread around the perimeter of the gym as shown in the diagram below.


Starting the Activity: On the way into the gym, the children are given a number from 1-8. They report to the station which corresponds to their number. This is where they begin. The children will remain at each station for 30-45 seconds and will switch to the next station when the music is paused.

Teacher Tips: While this activity aligns quite nicely with 4th grade, we also use this station format as an “instant activity” for grades 2-5 once a week. From the results from our pre- and post-assessments, the children have made vast improvements since September! 


4.6 -Completes a health-related fitness assessment and scores at an acceptable level.

4.8 -Identifies numerous activiies related to each component of physical fitness.

Self-Assessment Cards: The two cards below are examples of self-assessment index cards that are filled out by the students at the beginning of the year. The card lists their progress on a variety of fitness activities. Our goal is to turn their weakness into strengths!


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